womenscure in all means

MENOPAUSE – A RETURN JOURNEY

Menopause is your return to where you were before ,that is your hormonal levels are the same as pre pubertal girl’s

 

WHAT IS MENOPAUSE ?
  • It’s a permanent  cessation of menses . It is not only a cessation of menses ,it is depletion of ovarian follicles leading to decrease in ovarian hormones .Menopause is not made until the women has had 12 months of amenorrhea
  • Average age of menopause is 46-51 yrs
  • It is not only quantity of life but quality of life is important in menopausal women
  • We have to go to more for preventive aspects and lifestyle management which should be started in life ,that is just beyond 35 yrs itself

 

MENOPAUSE AND TYPES :
  • Natural menopause
  • Induced menopause : chemotherapy,pelvic radiation and bilateral oopharectomy causes menopausal state
  • Premature menopause : less than 40 yrs age group women included in this group . Causes may be immunological,idiopathic etc
STAGES OF MENOPAUSE :

Climacteric : It ‘s a time of waning of ovarian function results in menstrual irregularities and vasomotar symptoms

  • Stage 1 : Premenopausal symptoms : lasts for 3-5 yrs with menstrual irregularities and vasomotar symptoms
  • Stage 2 : Women experiences atrophic  changes ,cessation of menses ,urethral problems etc .Lasts for 5 yrs
  • Stage 3 : Post menopausal complications like : Ischemic cardiac disease , CVA , Osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease .Its lasts for lifetime
MENOPAUSE DECIDING FACTORS :
  • Smokers
  • Nulliparous women ( women with no children )
  • Ovarian cyst removal or ovary removal sugeries in the past
  • Ovarian drilling in PCOS
  • Pelvic radiation or chemotherapy in pelvic cancers

All the above influences the age of occurrence of menopause . Usually above said women get menopause at early age .Racial and genetic factors also influences the age at which menopause occurs

 

WHAT HAPPENS IN MENOPAUSE :

There is decrease in number of follicles in ovary . Decrease in hormone production mainly estrogen and progesterone . Estrogen deficiency causes deleterious effects on body . Age related low androgens levels seen but this is not because of menopause

 

MENOPAUSAL WOMEN AND HER PROBLEMS :

Contd ……..

 

 

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