An unexpected weight change of 5 to 10 per cent of your weight in six or fewer months is significant. If you lose or gain weight and can’t point to a reason, talk to your doctor.
Weight gain is the most common scenario in adulthood. It usually creeps up gradually —a few kilograms a year. Careful diet and regular exercise can stop this trend.
If u experienced a rapid gain, consider these possible causes:
Diet changes — increased intake of alcohol or soda, a new favourite high-fat food such as ice creams, sweets, fried foods, increased snacking, a switch to fast foods.
Decrease in activity — an injury restricting movement,
a switch from an active to a sedentary job or a change in a routine such as using stairs or walking to work.
New medication — some medicines may contribute to weight gain.
Changes in mood — excessive anxiety, stress or depression can affect activity and food intake.
Fluid retention — if you have noticed puffiness of the tissues, tightening of rings or shoes, swelling of the ankles as the day progresses, unusual shortness of breath or new, frequent trips to the bathroom at night consult your doctor.
If changes in diet or decrease in activity apply to you, change your diet and increase your activity. Wait four to six weeks to see if the changes work. If they don’t affect your weight, or if new medication, mood changes or fluid retention applies to you then see your doctor.
Weight Loss :
Unexplained weight loss of 5 to 10 per cent of your body weight over six or fewer months is usually cause for concern.
Change in diet — skipping meals, a significant reduction in fat intake, a change in meal preparation methods, a change in routines around meal time, eating alone.
Change in activity — change, to an active job, new exercise program, hectic schedule, seasonal variation.
Mood changes — anxiety, stress and depression also can cause weight loss.
Other conditions — dental problems, uncontrolled diabetes with thirst or increased urination; hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland); digestive disorders such as malabsorption or ulcer with abdominal pain; inflammatory bowel diseases, such as intestinal tuberculosis; cancer of many types.
If changes in diet or activity apply to you, but none of the other items seem to fit, modify your diet. Eat three balanced meals. For snacks, or when you can’t eat a good meal, try a nutritional supplement drink. Instant breakfasts are simple, fairly balanced and less expensive than prepared supplements. If you haven’t reversed the weight loss trend in two weeks, or if you suspect some other reason, perhaps a new medicine you are taking, consult your doctor without delay.
Kids‘ Care :
Weight loss or failure to grow in children may be caused by a digestive problem that prevents important nutrients from being digested or absorbed. Loss of these nutrients can lead to bony changes and other problems. Your child also may have an eating disorder. If your child has unexplained weight loss, consult your child’s health care provider.